Anemia and Thrombocytopenia

Shirley P. Levine, MD

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY

Copyright of the American Society of Hematology, 2006. ISSN: 1931-6860.

This case was reviewed and updated in November 2011 by Dr. Howard Liebman and members of the Teaching Cases Subcommittee.

IV. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

Based on the data that you have obtained so far, what is the most likely cause of this patient's anemia and thrombocytopenia?

Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC)
Evan's Syndrome: Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia and Thrombocytopenia
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Megaloblastic Anemia Due to Vitamin B12 or Folic Acid Deficiency
Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP)

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